The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPA)
HIPAA was first introduced in 1996, by President Bill Clinton, and was originally intended to improve the portability and accountability of health insurance coverage. The act promoted the use of medical savings accounts by introducing tax breaks and ensured coverage for employees with pre-existing medical conditions. It also ensured that coverage continued when individuals changed employer. Since then, the act has grown to be a vehicle to encourage the change from paper files to electronic while ensuring the safety of data. Additionally, it defines actions that covered entities must take to notify the victim and to mitigate the damage incurred.
HIPAA, Privacy, Security, and Breach Notification Rules protect the privacy and security of health information and provide individuals with certain rights to their health information (Health and Human Services, [HHS], 2016).